The contribution limit for 2016 is $5,500, or $6,500 if you’re age 50 or older. Your Roth IRA contributions may also be limited based on your filing status and income. See IRA Contribution Limits.
If neither you nor your spouse is covered by a retirement plan at work, your deduction is allowed in full.
For contributions to a traditional IRA, the amount you can deduct may be limited if you or your spouse is covered by a retirement plan at work and your income exceeds certain levels.
Roth IRA contributions aren’t deductible.
Yes, you can contribute to a traditional and/or Roth IRA even if you participate in an employer-sponsored retirement plan (including a SEP or SIMPLE IRA plan). See the discussion of IRA Contribution Limits. If you or your spouse is covered by an employer-sponsored retirement plan and your income exceeds certain levels, you may not be able to deduct your entire contribution. See the discussion of IRA deduction limits.
If you file a joint return and have taxable compensation, you and your spouse can both contribute to your own separate IRAs.
Your total contributions to both your IRA and your spouse’s IRA may not exceed your joint taxable income or the annual contribution limit on IRAs times two, whichever is less. It doesn't matter which spouse earned the income.
Roth IRAs and IRA deductions have other income limits. See IRA Contribution Limits and IRA deduction limits.
Do not use Form 8606 (PDF), Nondeductible IRAs, to report nondeductible Roth IRA contributions.
However, you should use Form 8606 to report amounts that you converted from a traditional IRA, a SEP, or Simple IRA to a Roth IRA.
eIRA also works with those ex-employees with larger account balances who choose to remain in the plan.
A Voluntary Rollover IRA can be set up to receive a distribution from the qualified plan also ensuring the savings maintain a tax deferred status. The distribution from a qualified plan to a Voluntary Rollover IRA has no limit on the amount rolled over, so this is a good solution for any individual. And in most instances, the individual’s IRA balance can be transferred back into a qualified plan available through a new employer if that becomes an option down the road.